Panel discussions will take place throughout the three days of this year’s International Conference on Urban Health, and will allow for deeper explorations of specific urban health drivers and challenges, the health impacts of urban policies and interventions, or novel approaches to understanding health and urban environments. These panels will have a duration of 90 minutes, with a minimum of 30 minutes dedicated to Q&A and discussion. Please note: Panel details and speakers listed below are subject to change.
DAY 1: TUESDAY 6 JULY 2021
BREAKOUT SESSION 1, TUESDAY 6 JULY 2021, 12:00-13:30 EDT
PANEL DISCUSSION 1
Place-based drivers of health and health inequities in urban areas: Lessons from SALURBAL
Neighborhood and city social and physical environments can determine a wide range of health outcomes, and differences in these environments can lead to inequities in health outcomes within cities and across cities. This panel discussion will focus on aspects of urban city and sub-city environments in Latin America that are associated with self-reported health, diabetes, homicides, and infant mortality. The presented research will summarize select findings from the SALURBAL project, which analyzes urban data from over 350 cities in the region to reveal how cities impact health outcomes, health inequities, and environmental sustainability.
Host institution(s): SALURBAL
Moderator and panelists: Alejandra Vives1, Joanna Miguez Nery Guimarães2, Ariela Braverman Bronstein3, Uriel Moreira Silva4, Ana Ortigoza3
1Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Chile. 2FIOCRUZ - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 3Drexel Urban Health Collaborative, USA. 4Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil
PANEL DISCUSSION 2
Sustained capacity building for multi-sectoral action for health and health equity in cities: Exploring opportunities to develop and sustain capacity for multi-sectoral health and health equity action in cities more effectively
Actors and decision-makers at all levels and from many sectors have a role in designing and managing healthy, resilient cities. Working together, urban decision-makers and public health can ensure that health promotion, disease prevention and better health equity through good urban and territorial planning are central components of the communicable disease and NCD reduction and management responses. Correctly applied, and with the needed capacities, silos can be broken, and synergies between urban planning and public health can be developed. This panel is an opportunity to share existing training resources, discuss the needs and gaps in capacity building and the roles of WHO, UN-Habitat, ISUH, cities and countries in building capacity for action in urban health.
Host institution(s): World Health Organization, UN-Habitat, International Society for Urban Health
Moderator and panelists: Nathalie Roebbel, Pamela Carbajal, Giselle Sebag, Carlos Dora
PANEL DISCUSSION 3
Reverse migration and the pandemic: A masked opportunity for urban and rural regeneration
The Covid-19 pandemic has triggered a reverse migration from urban to rural areas. Although this has been temporary, in some places, such as in India it has been a mass immigration, exacerbated by the lockdown measure, causing job loss, food insecurity and rise in inequalities (de Haan, 2020). It has also created opportunities for transformation of more sustainable urban and rural environments, which we discuss in this panel session.
This panel discussion will focus on urban–rural migration flows triggered by COVID-19. We invite panel delegates to discuss how future pandemic migration could affect the way we design, invest and govern urban and rural centres to better equip in the future. The reverse migration, the return of migrant workers from cities to their rural areas of origin, impacted mostly low and middle-income countries (Khanna, 2020) but has also been anecdotally reported in Europe and other parts of the world.
Host institution(s): Lancaster University
Moderator and panelists: Emmanuel Tsekleves1, Claudia de Souza Libanio2, Sanaith Banerjee3, Yonette Thomas4
1Lancaster University, UK. 2Universidade Federal de Ciências da Saúde de Porto Alegre, Brazil. 3Asian Development Bank – Center for Urban Health and Development, India. 4UrbanHealth360, USA
PANEL DISCUSSION 4
The COVID-19 lockdown papers: insights, reflections and implications for urbanism and city planning
In Spring 2020, countries began experiencing the first wave of coronavirus with many citizens living under lockdown regulations. Scholars from academia and practice contributed their insights and reflections to a unique collection of think-pieces. Fifty-one of these reached publication as special issue of Cities & Health titled ‘Cities, health and COVID-19: Initial reflections and future challenges’; a resource and time-capsule of what we saw then as important, but might easily forget. The collection has many cross-cutting themes. Papers that align with the conference themes have been identified. The panel will focus on lessons learned that address urbanism and city planning.
Host institution(s): Cities & Health
Moderator and panelists: Marcus Grant1, Walseka Caiaffa2, Geraint Ellis3, Ana Diez Roux4, Ben Cave5, Laura Coucil3, Tom Jeffies3, Apostolos Kyriazis4
1Cities & Health, UK. 2Federal University of Minas, Brazil. 3Queens University Belfast, UK. 4Dornsife PH at Drexel University, USA. 4ISOCARP and Abu Dhabi University, UAE. 5International Association for Impact Assessment, USA.
DAY 2: WEDNESDAY 7 JULY 2021
BREAKOUT SESSION 3, WEDNESDAY 7 JULY 2021, 8:30-10:00 EDT
PANEL DISCUSSION 5
Evaluating the health impacts of urban policies in Latin American cities: Lessons from SALURBAL
Policies and interventions in many sectors (including transport, housing, urban planning, and others) affect the health of people living in cities. With the right information and evidence, cities can design policies across these sectors to promote health and environmental sustainability. Evaluating existing urban policies provides important evidence to policymakers as they design and implement future policies and interventions. These evaluations also improve understanding of the challenges and opportunities associated with real-world policy evaluations, providing lessons to support future research design and implementation. This panel discusses SALURBAL-implemented health evaluations of urban policies and interventions implemented in Latin American cities.
Host institution(s): SALURBAL
Moderator and panelists: Waleska Caiaffa1, Alejandra Vives2, Amelia Augusta de Lima Friche1, Olga Lucia Sarmiento3, Alejandra Jauregui de la Mota4, Carolina Perez Ferrer4
1Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil. 2Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile, Chile. 3Universidad de los Andes, Colombia. 4Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica, Mexico
PANEL DISCUSSION 6
Regional Movement of Healthy Municipalities, Cities and Communities of the Americas
This discussion will bring together multiple perspectives on local action for promoting a health in all policies approach and community participation, highlighting the role of city networks while drawing on examples of COVID-19 responses. Managers of national networks of healthy municipalities, representatives of municipal associations, mayors from across the region, and regional experts will exchange ideas about the healthy municipalities approach, the experience implementing this approach in the region to-date, and next steps toward building a regional network for healthy municipalities, cities, and communities in Latin America.
Host institution(s): Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
Moderator and panelists: Anselmo Cancino1, Gerry Eijkemans1, Adriana Stanford2, Raul Shifferli3, Edvaldo Nogueira4, TBC5, TBC6
1Pan American Health Organization. 2Director of Health Evidence - Secretary of Health, Mexcio; Red Mexicana de Municipios por la Salud. 3Mayor – Lautaro, Chile. 4Mayor - Aracaju, Sergipe, Brasil. - 5Mayor - San Salvador, El Salvador. 6President, National Association of Municipalities Honduras.
PANEL DISCUSSION 7
Fostering vibrant urban health systems: results of participatory action inquiry in three Asian cities
Dynamic systems mapping provides a more engaged and impactful methodology for testing urban health solutions in complex settings. This panel will describe the application and outcomes of this participatory approach by the USAID-funded Building Healthy Cities (BHC) project in three cities in Asia. Discussion will explore goodness of fit, and the resulting healthy city action plans.
Host institution(s): Building Healthy Cities (a USAID-funded project)
Moderator and panelists: Bailey Goldman1, Alsa Bakhtawar2, Muh. Afdhal3, Thi Kinh Kieu4
1Engaging Inquiry, USA. 2John Snow India Private Limited, India. 3International Organization for Migration, Indonesia. 4The University of Danang – University of Science and Education, Vietnam
PANEL DISCUSSION 8
Coordination, collaboration or confusion? Urban governance and the private sector in the COVID-19 response: experiences from the CHORUS urban health systems research consortium in West Africa and South Asia
City governments in many countries in South Asia and Africa are responsible for the health of their populations, including provision of primary care services. The response to COVID-19 has placed great strain across the health and social sectors, highlighting inequities in prevention, care and livelihoods. The pandemic has shown the willingness of some in the private sector to support public health provision across sectors. Understanding the role, experiences and lessons learnt by city and national governments in engaging with the multiplicity of private providers during the COVID-19 response is fundamental to future-proofing urban governance and public health systems.
This panel will identify and share lessons learnt from cities in Ghana, Nepal, Nigeria and Bangladesh on the role the private sectors have played in the pandemic response, and how far city governments have been able to coordinate, regulate or harness the strength of the private sector to protect the health of low-income city residents. Our panelists represent the research partners within the CHORUS – Community-led Effective and Responsive Urban health Systems – research consortium. From January 2020 CHORUS partners conducted detailed policy and media reviews to understand the role and governance of the private sector in the response to COVID-19.
Host institution(s): CHORUS: Community-led Effective and Responsive Urban Health Systems Research Consortium
Moderator and panelists: Helen Elsey1, Zahidul Quayyum2, Rumana Huque3, Chinyere Mbachu4, Lauren J. Wallace5, Genevieve ARYEETEY5, Obinna Onwujekwe4, Sushil Baral6, Irene Agyepong7, Deepa Barua8, Shophika Regmi6
1University of York, UK. 2James P Grant School of Public Health, Bangladesh. 3ARK Foundation, Bangladesh. 4University of Nigeria, Nigeria. 5Ghana School of Public Health, Ghana. 6HERDi, Nepal. 7Ghana College of Physicians and Surgeons, Ghana. 8The ARK Foundation, Bangladesh
PANEL DISCUSSION 10
Children Eating Well in Cities: Opportunities and challenges for action in LAC
Urbanization is one of the key global trends contributing to the changing face of child malnutrition worldwide. Many families are changing the way they feed their children because of the living conditions, the increasing cost of nutritious foods, and the food environments in cities that promote unhealthy diets and make accessing nutritious foods more difficult. As a result, many children worldwide are not eating the diets they need to grow well. This panel will explore the challenge and opportunity of urban action to prevent childhood overweight and obesity, as well as other forms of malnutrition, with a focus on the role of urban planning in creating healthy and sustainable food environments, especially within Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).
Host institution(s): Novo Nordisk
Moderator and panelists: Jo Ivey Boufford1, Maaike Arts2, Nataly Pinto3, Sophia Shuff4, Lliana Curiel5, Andrea Oyuela6
Gehl (Foodscapes and Shifting Urban Diets projects), City Representative from Bogotá
1International Society for Urban Health. 2Regional Advisor, Survive & Thrive, Latin America and Caribbean, UNICEF. 3 Latin America Coordinator, Food Smart Cities. 4Project Manager, Gehl. 5Director of Collective Health, City of Bogotá. 6Urban Food Systems Officer, EAT Foundation.
BREAKOUT SESSION 4, WEDNESDAY 7 JULY 2021, 14:00-15:30 EDT
PANEL DISCUSSION 9
Characterizing the built and physical environments of cities and their environmental and health consequences: Lessons from SALURBAL
Research conducted in high income countries has documented the influence of urban built and physical environments on health outcomes, health equity, and environmental factors. However, evidence from lower income countries and the Latin America region specifically is scarce. This panel discussion will focus examine the relationships of street design, urban form, green space, and population density with a variety of health outcomes including diabetes, road traffic mortality, and homicides. The presented research will summarize select findings from the SALURBAL project, which analyzes urban data to reveal how cities impact health outcomes, health inequities, and environmental sustainability.
Host institution(s): SALURBAL
Moderator and panelists: Daniel Rodriguez1, D. Alex Quistberg2, Cecilia Anza3, Mika Moran1, Ione Avila-Palencia2
1University of California - Berkeley, USA. 2Drexel Urban Health Collaborative, USA. 3Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Peru
PANEL DISCUSSION 11
Global perspectives on urban health: Learning from cities around the world to build a future based on health equity
Impact on Urban Health: The places that we grow up, live and work impact how healthy we are. Living in urban areas, like inner-city London, carries distinct health challenges, many of which start early in life and are influenced by the wider determinants of health and wellbeing. We seek to understand the deep causes of these health issues and explore different ways of addressing them through combining the best sources of data, robust evidence, lived experience and practical interventions. We believe that by removing the obstacles to good health, we can make urban areas healthier places for everyone to live.
Urban health inequities: Urban health inequities have been both illuminated and exacerbated throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. These inequities disproportionately impact vulnerable populations including migrants; ethnic and racial minorities; poor people; and people living in informal settlements. These groups often have limited access to basic services, nutritious food, reliable employment and/or social protections. The need to address the social determinants of health, including structural inequities and systemic racism in cities, has never been more urgent or apparent. Effective responses must incorporate community participation, intersectoral action, and inclusive governance. We are working with partners around the world to understand the impacts of urban health inequities, identify underlying causes, and identify effective policies, strategies and interventions to reduce these inequities.
This panel will explore the combined findings of recently published reports, including Global perspectives on urban health, looking at the ways cities around the world can learn from one another and work together to reduce health inequity. Panelists will share findings from research gathered throughout the pandemic, discussing the ways different sectors, as well as different cities, must come together to make lasting change.
Key topics include:
- Similarities across cities and how we can work together to make change faster and more effectively.
- The importance of engaging all sectors and not just those specifically aligned to health care – including commercial, financial, housing, education, etc.
- The importance of co-designing research and policy with the communities you are serving, particularly those most impacted by health inequity.
Host institution(s): Impact on Urban Health, UK
Moderator and panelists: Lauren Gasser1, Sham Rajyaguru2
1Impact on Urban Health UK. 2Guy’s & St Thomas’ Foundation, Sham.Rajyaguru@gsttfoundation.org.uk.
PANEL DISCUSSION 12
Placemaking as Urban Health Strategy in Latin America: Case studies Mexico, Argentina and Brazil
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the way we live in public spaces in Latin America. Placemaking has been implemented in the region with diverse outcomes during the pandemic to activate and recover public spaces and outdoor activities. The panel will show three urban interventions in Mexico, Argentina, and Brazil. Where from a methodological and pragmatic perspective, they will be analyzed and contrast with the other. A discussion will take place where the successes and failures of the strategies will be spoken with the idea to generate common knowledge for future interventions.
Host institution(s): PlacemakingX
Moderator and panelists: Guillermo Bernal, Carolina Huffmann, Leonardo Brawl
PANEL DISCUSSION 21
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on young people and their communities: reflections and solutions
The Healthy Cities for Adolescents (HCA) program is a Fondation Botnar initiative managed by The International Society for Urban Health (ISUH). The global initiative, currently in its 3rd year of implementation, aims to address the health and wellbeing of young people in intermediary cities through multi-stakeholder, community-led programs and projects. The global program includes cities in Senegal, Ghana, Colombia, India, and Vietnam. The program particularly focuses on adolescents, recognising their strengths in bringing innovative ideas, their global reach, and engagement through technology by establishing mechanisms of civic participation that promote citizen voice and action. The diverse panel will reflect on how the cities they live and work in are responding to the Covid-19 crisis, critical solutions that young people continue to suggest, and how adolescents can collaborate as equal stakeholders in driving change in their respective cities.
Host institution(s): Healthy Cities for Adolescents - A Fondation Botnar Initiative
Moderator: Joyati Das, Program Director, Botnar Healthy Cities for Adolescents Program
BREAKOUT SESSION 5, WEDNESDAY 7 JULY 2021, 16:30-17:30 EDT
PANEL DISCUSSION 22
The Belmont Forum Climate, Environment and Health II Collaborative Research Action
This interactive session, hosted by the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (IAI) on behalf of the Belmont Forum, will elicit input from researchers and practitioners on potential research priorities related to the urban health, climate, and environment nexus for the second round of the Belmont Forum Climate, Environment and Health Collaborative Research Action (CEH2).
The Belmont Forum is a group of approximately 28 science funding institutions and partners who work together to develop and fund Collaborative Research Actions for environmental change issues that require global coordination. It aims to accomplish scientific goals, create synergies, and avoid duplication. The Belmont Forum seeks to address the thematic breadth and institutional diversity of the CEH space through sustained funding, fostering innovative research approaches, North-South collaboration, new institutional partnerships, and effective engagement of the health sector with environmental issues. It further aims to actively engage new partner institutions and programs in the highly flexible CEH2 scoping process.
The first round of the CEH involved thirteen funding institutions from nine countries, awarding nine grants in 2020. Urban health featured in various of the funded projects, including work on climate, heat, and maternal and neonatal health in sub-Saharan Africa; health effects and associated socio-economic costs of increasing temperatures and wildfires; early warning systems for mosquito borne disease; and extreme weather-related diarrheal illness in the Asia Pacific region.
In spring 2021, led by the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), Belmont Forum members and partners began planning for CEH2. This session will contribute to the scoping for this important CRA; funding for CEH2 is expected to begin in 2023. Please join us to learn about the Belmont Forum and CEH2, provide input on research priorities related to urban health, and see how you can help shape our plans!
Host institution(s): InterAmerican Institute for Global Change Research, US Global Change Research Program, Belmont Forum
Moderator and panelists: José Siri1, Juli Trtanj2, Anna M. Stewart Ibarra3, Erica Key4
1Senior Science Lead for Cities, Urbanisation, and Health, Wellcome Trust. 2One Health and Integrated Climate Extremes Research Lead, US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Climate Program Office; Co-chair Belmont Forum CEH2 Scoping Committee. 3Scientific Director, InterAmerican Institute for Global Change Research; Belmont Forum CEH2 Scoping Committee. 4Executive Director, Belmont Forum
DAY 3: THURSDAY 8 JULY 2021
BREAKOUT SESSION 6, THURSDAY 8 JULY 2021, 8:30-10:00 EDT
PANEL DISCUSSION 13
Urban governance for health and wellbeing in Latin American cities
This panel will focus on governance mechanisms for promoting health and wellbeing in cities across the region, as well as challenges and opportunities for urban health equity in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic and recovery. Discussion will center around the role of community members and civil society in decision-making at the city level, and an exchange of successful examples of intersectoral collaboration. With the participation of city officials as well as regional governance experts, this panel seeks to analyze the role and toll of the pandemic on governance in cities, the driving forces behind increasing disparities both within and across cities, and opportunities to strengthen governance structures to support health and wellbeing at the local level.
Host institution(s): Pan American Health Organization (PAHO)
Moderator and panelists: Gerry Eijkemans1, Ana Diez Roux2 Diana Alarcon3, Johny Araya4, TBC5, TBC6
1Pan American Health Organization. 2 Dornsife School of Public Health, Drexel University. 3International Relations, Mexico City, Mexico. 4Mayor of San Jose, Costa Rica. 5International Relations, Bogotá, Colombia. 6International Relations, Sao Paulo. Brasil. 5International Relations, Montevideo. Uruguay.
PANEL DISCUSSION 14
Introducing the Health through Housing Coalition: Connecting across disciplines and geographic areas through an online platform for knowledge exchange and partnerships to advance the topic of health in housing
The Health through Housing Coalition enables professionals from diverse fields to develop collaborative projects, exchange knowledge, and connect over the intersection of health and housing. Initiated and launched by ARCHIVE Global, along with various collaborators, this digital platform provides resources, tools, and opportunities for architects, designers, planners, policymakers, public health professionals, and academics to connect. The panel will bring together founding board members, each with diverse perspectives, to discuss the gap the coalition seeks to address, and the need for collaboration and innovation to achieve healthy housing for all.
Moderator and panelists:
Moderator: Emily Nix1, Anne Wilson2, Christophe Lalande3, Ramona Ludolph4, David Barragan5, Sarah Ruel-Bergeron6
1University of Liverpool, UK. 2Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, BOVA Network, UK. 3UN Habitat, Kenya. 4WHO, Geneva. 5Al Borde, Ecuador. 6RA, ARCHIVE Global, USA.
PANEL DISCUSSION 15
Accelerating the use of evidence to address nutrition and WASH inequities among poor urban children and adolescents in East Africa
Regional learning collaborations are a vehicle to leverage existing information, identify drivers of inequity, and to catalyze action to improve nutrition and WASH services for poor urban children and adolescents in East Africa. Lessons learned and implications in the context of a global pandemic will be addressed.
The objectives of this panel include the following:
- Review the underlying causes, social and other determinants associated with nutrition and WASH outcomes among poor children and adolescents.
- Discuss the lessons learned from the implementation science and learning collaboration and opportunities to foster evidence-to use acceleration for decision-making.
- Consider the implications of COVID-19 on addressing nutrition and WASH inequities in poor urban settings in East Africa.
Host institution(s): University Research Co., LLC
Moderator and panelists: Ester Elisaria1, Jane Wanyama2, Elizabeth Kimani-Murage3, Churchill Shakim4, Yoswa Dambisya5, Gabriele Fontana6, Emily Peca7
1Ifakara Health Institute, Tanzania, United Republic of. 2Infectious Diseases Institute, Uganda. 3African Population and Health Research Center, Kenya. 4TAMASHA, Tanzania, United Republic of. 5East Central Southern Health Community, Tanzania, United Republic of. 6UNICEF ESARO, Kenya. 7University Research Co., LLC, USA
PANEL DISCUSSION 16
Multi-level governance for effective and inclusive public health responses
As the impacts of COVID-19 on lives, health care systems, economies and social dynamics continue to be felt, cities have found themselves at the centre, due to their concentration of populations and socio-economic activities that has not only increased the disproportionate impact of the pandemic on them, but also offered glimpses of hope for recovery. Urban authorities have been crucial players in addressing the health and wider socio-economic effects of COVID-19 though diverse forms of engagement. It has become increasingly clear that an effective response to the pandemic requires strong and functional institutions at levels of government working in a coordinated and collaborative manner. National, subnational and local governments have appreciated the magnitude, complexity and urgency of the challenge that the pandemic presents and engaged in multi-level governance - understood as both vertical and horizontal collaboration in the design and implementation of measures - to complement each other’s activities and streamline their responses.
Even as wide-ranging measures are undertaken by various governments, two observations have been noticeable. First, the contagion has highlighted the extent of underlying social and economic inequalities as various groups have been disproportionately hit by the pandemic’s health and associated effects, most notably, slum dwellers, migrants and the urban poor. This fact underscores the need for a renewed focus on inclusivity in urban governance. Second, there has been accelerated uptake of digital technologies to contain the spread of the virus, share information as well as ensure the continuity of urban services. While this bodes well for the overall strength of public health systems, there is a risk of wider gaps in the digital divide.
The objectives of this panel discussion include the following:
- Understand multi-level governance and how to improve vertical and horizontal linkages among and between different level of governments and sectoral institutions in the wider context of COVID-19;
- Discuss ways of enhancing inclusivity in urban governance for more effective public health responses and post-covid recovery; and
- Learn more about how cities can leverage the use of data and technologies for inclusive and evidence-based urban governance."
Host institution(s): UN-Habitat
Moderator and panelists: Remy Sitechiping, Robert Lewis-Lettington/Pontus Westerberg/Melissa Permezel1, Xavier Tiana Casablanca2, Marius Pieterse3
1UN-Habitat, 2Area Metropolitana de Barcelona, 3University of Wits, SA.
BREAKOUT SESSION 7, THURSDAY 8 JULY 2021, 12:00-13:30 EDT
PANEL DISCUSSION 17
Systems thinking for urban health in Latin America: Lessons from SALURBAL
Cities are complex systems. Systems thinking approaches can provide insight into the dynamic relationships between the urban environment, health, and environmental impact. Systems approaches can help researchers to identify the potential and likely impacts of urban policies under different conditions. The SALURBAL focuses its systems research on two specific areas, using several different methodologies: urban food systems and urban transportation systems. This panel describes SALURBAL’s activities implementing community-based systems dynamics workshops and developing agent-based models to better understand the potential and likely impacts of specific transport and food policies in Latin American cities.
Host institution(s): SALURBAL
Moderator and panelists: Ana Diez Roux1,2,3, Felipe Montes Jimenez4, Brent Langellier3, Ivana Stankov1
1Drexel Urban Health Collaborative, USA. 2Dornsife School of Public Health, USA. 3Drexel University, USA. 4Universidad de los Andes, Colombia
PANEL DISCUSSION 18
Transforming urban environments, improving social inclusion, health and well-being through public space in Latin American cities: Three comparative case studies by UN-Habitat and the IADB Citieslab
Public spaces are the living room of the city, the center of urban life, and the place where everything happens. However, for them to have a positive impact, they must be well designed and consider people’s needs, they must be properly managed and stimulate a sense of belonging in the community. Moreover, The COVID-19 pandemic has drastically changed our relationship with public spaces. Restrictions, while necessary, have impacted people’s quality of life and disproportionately the urban poor.
This panel session will be an opportunity for cities to share their experiences. Results of three city-wide assessments will be presented, along with a brief presentation of the methodology applied and the comparative Report. Generating quantitative and qualitative evidence on the state of public space provides a solid way forward for cities to rebuild healthier urban environments for humans and biodiversity that can be up-scaled to other cities in the region.
Host institution(s): UN-Habitat, IADB Citieslab
Moderator and panelists: Pamela Carbajal
PANEL DISCUSSION 19
Multisector partnerships to impact cardiovascular population health with the CARDIO approach
While cardiovascular (CV) disease was already the leading cause of death globally before COVID-19, the pandemic sheds a sharp new light on the urgency to address it. COVID-19 is creating a void in which other diseases are left undiagnosed and untreated. This means we now face a syndemic – the convergence where an epidemic clusters and interacts with pre-existing conditions.
This panel will describe an innovative and promising approach to improving CV population health, CARDIO, which has been pioneered in São Paulo, Brazil. Working with government and other key stakeholders, health managers and policy makers can apply the initiative’s strategy, across different local contexts where resources are constrained and inequities thrive.
Host institution(s): Novartis Foundation
Moderator and panelists: Ann Aerts, Johannes Boch, Yara Baxter, Alvaro Avezum
PANEL DISCUSSION 20
Air pollution, heat, and climate vulnerability in Latin American cities: Lessons from SALURBAL
Human health and the health of the planet are closely linked. In addition to economic and social consequences, climate change can have profound and widespread impacts on health. People living in cities in Latin America are especially vulnerable to the health consequences of both greenhouse gas emissions and the consequences of climate change. The presented research will summarize select findings from the SALURBAL project on levels and predictors of air pollution and climate vulnerability in Latin American cities and on the impacts or air pollution and heat on health.
Host institution(s): SALURBAL
Moderator and panelists: Nelson Gouveia1, Ana Ortigoza2, Josiah Kephart2, Anne Dorothée Slovic1
1Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil. 2Drexel Urban Health Collaborative, USA